tips for installation

the configuration of the bios (pro live cds)
ubuntu live cd the partitioning (better to do it before start the installation)
the internet access (pro updates/configuration)

the configuration of the bios (pro live cds)

you need to check the bios to be set up to make the pc bootstrap from cd/dvd, if it’s into the cd/dvd tray.
if it’s not like this, it is necessary to access the bios and change the array of the pc bootstrap sources.

if for example the array is
1) hard disk
2) cd/dvd drive
=> you need to move “cd/dvd drive” to the first position.

in order to access the bios you have to press repeatedly a magic key few instants after the pc turn on.
pay attention to the screen at the pc turn on, you should read a message like “<f10 = setup>“, in this case the magic key is f10.
if no help message appears, you can try to use as magic key “canc” or “f2” or “f10” or
f12“… otherwise do a google search based on your pc model.


ubuntu live cd the partitioning (better to do it before start the installation)

i advice to partition before install, and not during the installation. the mean to partition is the ubuntu live order to use the ubuntu live cd it is necessary to have the bios well configured. after that just boot the pc with the live cd into the cd/dvd tray, load ubuntu from the cd and then select system–administration–partition editor. the necessary disk space for the following partitioning is of at least 10.000 mb. it will be possible to resize the partitions when ubuntu is already installed, in case they will result too little for your need. the partitions that we are going to create are the following (the indication of the mount point is not for the partitioning but for the successive installation of ubuntu):

1) one primary partition with filesystem “swap” of the minimum between the size of the ram and 2GB
=> it will be the swap, mount point = “linux swap” [it’s the extension of the ram memory] 2) one primary partition with filesystem “ext4” of 8000 mb
=> it will be the root, mount point = “/” [here resides all but the “branches” mounted in specific partitions]
3) the last primary partition with all the remaining space with filesystem “ext4
=> it will be the home, mount point = “/home” [here resides the user(s) data]

at ubuntu installation time, do not select the automatic partitioning but the manual one (option “something else”), then insert the mount points of the partitions as shown. if besides these partitions you have one or more partitions dedicated to windows, mount them inserting as mount points strings like “/winos“, “/windata” and pay attention to not flag the “format” checkbox.


the internet access (pro updates/configuration)

i advice all users (also the windows users) to connect to the internet through a good adsl router, and not through a modem (even worst if usb modem). the adsl router has to be configured once connecting from the pc through a lan ethernet network cable and a web browser; once  configured, the router connects to the internet automatically when turned on. for example, i connect to my router through the ip address []. the connection will be this way independent from the pc, and multiples pc are able to connect contemporaneously to the router through lan cables or wireless.