gnu/linux

base configuration

in this section you can find some useful software to add to the installation.

preparing for installations:

ubuntu logo variation of the repositories
trash uninstalls
gnome menumenu variation
winewine (windows applications on linux)

applications -> internet:

pidgin google talk (through pidgin)
skype skype (free videocalls)
google earthgoogle earth (all world’s maps)
firefox firefox plugins / add-ons :
flashvlcmoonlightjavaadblockdwhelpernew tab jumpstart
kompozer web page editor (kompozer)
filezilla nautilus ftp client (filezilla / nautilus)
fontsextra fonts microsoft for web
emule morphxt emule morphxt (working with wine)

applications -> office & graphics

inkscape gimp (edit/create images)
inkscapeinkscape (edit/create vectorial images)
pdf edit pdfedit (pdf files editing)

applications -> accessories

cherrytree hierarchical note taking (cherrytree)
nautilus pyextensionsfile manager python extensions handler
terminaldesktop backgroundaudaciousmeldkdiff3gksuedit-find-replace

x tilex tile (opened windows tiling)

applications -> sound & video:
audacious audio player (audacious)
vlc video player (vlc)
k3bcd/dvd burning (k3b)
sound converteraudio files conversion (soundconverter)
asundercd ripper (asunder)
dvdrip dvd decrypter and ripper (dvdrip)
avidemux avidemux (avi editor)
gtk recordmydesktop desktop recording (gtk-recordmydesktop)
subtitle editor subtitles editor (subtitleeditor)system utility:archiving codecsarchiving codecs (rar, 7zip, ace…)
archiving codecsarchiving codecspanel indicators
gparted gnome partition editor (gparted)
grub grub loadermanagerapplications -> programming:

geany geany : lightweight multilanguages integrated development environment (ide)
meld meld : files/folders differences viewer, comparison and merging tool
glade glade: easy creation of user interfaces with gtk+ libraries
gladeglade mercurial: version control

other applications:
ubuntu logo where to find

variation of the repositories

let’s add the medibuntu repositories => go to https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Medibuntu and follow the instructions under the paragraph “adding the repository”

then go to: system –> administration –> software sources and flag, for all the tabs, all the repositories but those labeled with “source” (source code for developers), pre-released & unsupported updates” (unstable packages).

in the last tab it’s possible to submit statistical information about installed packages (i always flag it, so they understand what software we want from the base installation).

to uninstall a package, the string is the following:

terminal sudo apt-get remove packagename

to uninstall eventually previously installed packages automatically from the system due to dependencies, and now no more useful:

terminal sudo apt-get autoremove

otherwise it’s possible to uninstall/install packages by gui from: system –> administration –> synaptic package manager.

warning: to remove packages of the ubuntu default installation

could cause problems, better to avoid it for a low experienced

user, in any case better to remove the packages from the gui.

to enable/disable menu items:

system –> preferences –> main menu and flag/unflag.

top

skype

downloaddownload the debian package from http://www.skype.com/download/skype/linux/, then install it double-clicking upon it

gnome resides in applications–internet–skype

project’s home page : http://www.skype.com/

top

avidemux (avi editor)

terminal sudo apt-get install avidemux xvid4conf

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–avidemux

project’s home page : http://avidemux.sourceforge.net/

top

extra fonts microsoft for the web

terminal sudo apt-get install msttcorefonts

top

nautilus pyextensionsnautilus pyextensions: a graphical handler, written in python and pygtk, of the nautilus file manager python extensions.

download to download the “.deb” package or have screenshots/instructions go to the local project page.

gnome resides in applications–accessories–nautilus pyextensions

the extensions included by default in nautilus pyextensions:

terminal open-terminal-geometry.py allows to open the terminal window on the selected folder/current directory, with predefined geometry (edit the parameter GEOMETRY to change it), with the right-click;

desktop background set-as-desktop-background.py allows to set as desktop background the selected image file with the right-click;

gksu open-as-root.py allows to open the selected file/folder as root user, so having administrator rights;

audacious add-to-audacious2-playlist.py allows to add all the selected audio files to the audacious playlist with the right-click;

meld meld-compare.py and kdiff3 kdiff3-compare.py allow to compare two selected files/folders with meld and kdiff3. meld is the best with files comparison and kdiff3 is the best with folders comparison; the kdiff3 version that is automatically installed when you activate kdiff3-compare is “kdiff3-qt”, which is independent from the kde desktop;

edit-find-replace replace-in-filenames.py allows to replace some text with other text in all the filenames of the current directory.

home project’s home page : the local project page

top

archivingarchiving codecs (rar, zip, 7zip, ace,…)

terminal sudo apt-get install p7zip-full rar unrar unace-nonfree

note: if you have troubles extracting an archive, try with

winrar winrar (working with wine):

1) if not already done, install wine

2) download the “.exe” file from the webpage http://www.rarlab.com/download.htm, click twice to install

3) resides in applications–wine–programs–winrar–winrar

top

ftp client (filezilla or nautilus)

nautilus is already installed (it’s ubuntu’s file manager) but still has some problems with transfer of big quantities of files or heavy files.

filezilla

terminal sudo apt-get install filezilla

gnome resides in applications–internet–filezilla ftp client

project’s home page : http://filezilla-project.org/

nautilus

go to places–connect to server, choose “service type” = “ftp (with login)“, then fill in “server” and “user name“. in order to have this remote folder added to the nautilus bookmarks, flag “add bookmark” and fill in a “bookmark name“.

at last click upon “connect” and fill in the password when it will be requested.

gnome resides in places–bookmarks–“bookmark name” you choosed

every time you connect to remote folder, the sistem behaves the same as connecting a usb key: one drive is mounted and you see it appear on the desktop. to unmount it, just right click on the desktop icon and choose “unmount volume”.

top

subtitle editor subtitles editor

terminal sudo apt-get install subtitleeditor

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–subtitle editor

home project’s home page : http://home.gna.org/subtitleeditor/

top

wine (windows applications on linux)

be sure to have the extra repositories added

terminal sudo apt-get install wine

functioning of wine: click twice upon the “.exe” file, wine installs and you will find the programs in applications–wine–programs

to uninstall: applications–wine–uninstall wine software

the “c” drive of windows can be reached from: applications–wine–browse c:\ drive

project’s home page : http://www.winehq.org/

top

vlc video player vlc:

be sure to have the extra repositories added

terminal sudo apt-get install vlc libdvdcss2

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–vlc media player

to make vlc the default application to launch the video files (“.avi”,”.wmv”,”.flv”,”.mpg”,”.asf”,…) see the how tos

project’s home page : http://www.videolan.org/

top

player audio (audacious):

terminal sudo apt-get install audacious

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–audacious

to make audacious the default application to launch the audio files see the how tos

project’s home page : http://audacious-media-player.org/

top

k3bcd/dvd burning:

terminal sudo apt-get install k3b

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–k3b

project’s home page : http://k3b.plainblack.com/

top

pidgingoogle talk (through pidgin)

terminal sudo apt-get install pidgin

1) in order to create a google talk account just choose:

– protocol: “google talk”,

– insert username and password,

-flag “new mail notifications”,

– click “save”.

2) in order to add custom smileys:

– download animated “.gif“, here you can find some

– from chat window click upon smile–manage custom smileys–add

3) in order to add a gtalk custom message/custom status, from the buddy list window click upon your status (in the bottom of the buddy list) and select “new status…

gnome resides in applications–internet–pidgin internet messenger

home project’s home page : http://www.pidgin.im/

top

firefox plugins / add-ons:

to allow firefox to display the flash contents:

terminal sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer

vlcmoonlight to allow firefox to display the video contents:

terminal sudo apt-get install mozilla-plugin-vlc moonlight-plugin-mozilla

to allow firefox to display the java contents:

terminal sudo apt-get install sun-java6-plugin

to set a good filter to the advertisement that spoils the webpages:

go to the link below with the firefox browser and click upon “add to firefox

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/adblock-plus/

if you want to have the opportunity to download the streaming audios/videos (such as youtube), install video downloadhelper:  go to the link below with the firefox browser and click upon “add to firefox

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/video-downloadhelper/

new tab jumpstart to turn the empty new tab page (and optionally the home page too) to a page with screenshots and links to the most frequently visited pages, latest bookmarks and recently closed tabs: go to the link below with the firefox browser and click upon “add to firefox

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/new-tab-jumpstart/

top

geany geany : lightweight multilanguages integrated development environment (ide)

terminal sudo apt-get install geany

gnome resides in applications–programming–geany

project’s home page : http://www.geany.org/

top

meld meld : files/folders differences viewer, comparison and merging tool

terminal sudo apt-get install meld

gnome resides in applications–programming–meld

home project’s home page : http://meld.sourceforge.net/

top

glade glade : easy creation of user interfaces with gtk+ libraries

terminal sudo apt-get install glade

gnome resides in applications–programming–glade interface designer

home project’s home page : http://glade.gnome.org/

top

hghg mercurial : version control

terminal sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install mercurial tortoisehg

home project’s home page : http://mercurial.selenic.com/
home project’s home page : http://tortoisehg.bitbucket.org/

top

multiloadweather indicators

terminal sudo apt-get install indicator-multiload indicator-weather

home project’s home page : https://launchpad.net/indicator-multiload
home project’s home page : https://launchpad.net/weather-indicator

top

google earth (all world’s maps)

be sure to have the extra repositories added

terminal sudo apt-get install googleearth

gnome resides in applications–internet–google earth

(note: you can find similar functionalities without install anything just going with the browser to http://maps.google.com/)

project’s home page : http://earth.google.com/

top

gimp gimp (edit/create images)

terminal sudo apt-get install gimp

gnome resides in applications–graphics–gimp

home project’s home page : http://www.gimp.org/

top

inkscape inkscape (edit/create vectorial images)

terminal sudo apt-get install inkscape

gnome resides in applications–graphics–inkscape

home project’s home page : http://www.inkscape.org

top

gtk recordmydesktop gtk-recordmydesktop (it allows to record the whole desktop or only a selected fraction )

terminal sudo apt-get install recordmydesktop gtk-recordmydesktop

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–gtk-recordmydesktop

home project’s home page : http://recordmydesktop.sourceforge.net

top

emule morphxt (working with wine):

1) if not already done, install wine

2) download download the “.exe” file from the webpage http://emulemorph.sourceforge.net/ (downloads–installer), click twice to install

3) gnome resides in applications–wine–programs–emule–emule morphxt

4) if the server list is empty in the “servers” tab: in the “servers” tab, insert in the field “update server.met from url” the url “http://www.morphxt-italia.com/download/server.met” (without quotation marks), after that click upon “update”

top

pdf files editing (pdfedit)

terminal sudo apt-get install pdfedit

gnome resides in applications–graphics–pdf editor

project’s home page : http://pdfedit.petricek.net/index_e.html

top

web page editor (kompozer):

terminal sudo apt-get install kompozer

gnome resides in applications–internet–kompozer

project’s home page : http://www.kompozer.net/

top

cherrytree hierarchical note taking (cherrytree) :

download download the “.deb” package from the local project page and install it with double click.

gnome resides in applications–accessories–cherrytree

project’s home page : local project page

top

x tilex tile (opened windows tiling) :

download download the “.deb” package from the local project page and install it with double click.

gnome resides in applications–accessories–x-tile

project’s home page : local project page

top

audio files conversion (soundconverter):

terminal sudo apt-get install soundconverter gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–sound converter

project’s home page : http://soundconverter.berlios.de/

top

cd ripper (asunder):

terminal sudo apt-get install lame asunder

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–asunder

project’s home page : http://littlesvr.ca/asunder/

top

dvdrip dvdrip : dvd decrypter and ripper

be sure to have the extra repositories added

terminal sudo apt-get install dvdrip libdvdcss2 xvid4conf

gnome resides in applications–sound & video–dvd::rip

(note: you can find already ripped subtitles for all movies here http://www.opensubtitles.org/)

home project’s home page : http://www.exit1.org/dvdrip/

top

gnome partition editor (gparted):

terminal sudo apt-get install gparted

gnome resides in system–administration–gparted

note: the most powerful partitioning tool is always the live cd (see the installation section)

project’s home page : http://gparted.sourceforge.net/

top

grub loader gui manager:

terminal sudo apt-get install startupmanager

gnome resides in system–administration–startup-manager

project’s home page : http://web.telia.com/~u88005282/sum/index.html

top

to search for other applications:

1) with automatic installs of ubuntu: go to applications–ubuntu software center, there are many applications well described than can be installed, just flag to install and unflag to uninstall; the key “apply changes” will complete the job.

2) on http://gtk-apps.org/ the developers publish their jobs for gnome (the ubuntu desktop) and gtk+ (the ubuntu graphic library).

top